What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure? (#Best Cardiologist in Bhopal)
The hallmark and most ordinary symptom of left heart failure is shortness of breath and may happen.
- While at rest
- With activity or exertion
- While awakening the person from sleep
- Due to fluid (water, mainly) accumulation in the lungs or the inability of the heart to be efficient enough to pump blood to the organs of the body when called upon in times of exertion or stress.
- Chest pain or angina may be associated, especially if the underlying reason for the failure is coronary heart disease.
Right heart failure, left heart failure, or both
- People with right heart failure leak fluid into the tissue and organs that deliver blood to the right heart through the vena cava.
- Back pressure in capillary blood vessels cause them to leak water into space between cells and usually, the fluid can be found in the lowest parts of the body.
- Gravity reason fluid to accumulate in the feet and ankles but as more fluid accumulates; it may creep up to involve all of the lower legs.
- Fluid can also accumulate within the liver causing it to swell (hepatomegaly) and within the abdominal cavity (ascites).
- Depending upon their underlying illness and the clinical condition, patients may have symptoms of right heart failure, left heart failure, or both.
What causes congestive heart failure?
Many disease processes can impair the pumping efficiency of the heart to reason congestive heart failure. The most common causes of congestive heart failure are:
- Longstanding alcohol abuse
- Coronary artery disease
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Disorders of the disorders of the heart valves
- Unknown (idiopathic) causes, such as after recovery from myocarditis
Less common reason of congestive heart failure include:
- Viral infections of the stiffening of the heart muscle
- Thyroid disorders
- Heart rhythm irregularity