Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the inside of the arteries as the heart pumps the blood through your body. Blood pressure readings are recorded with two numbers, listed as a ratio, with one number over another number. The top number, or systolic pressure, is the force of blood when your heartbeats, and the bottom number, or diastolic pressure, is the force of your blood against the artery walls when your heart rests.
- A normal blood pressure reading is under 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
- Prehypertension refers to blood pressure that is raised enough to be a warning sign for developing hypertension, is anything above normal up to 139/89 mmHg.
- Hypertension is 140/90 mmHg and above.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is called the “silent killer” for the reason that very, very few people know when their blood pressure goes up. Well, you do until you don’t. Many women and men get diagnosed with high blood pressure in their 50s. But, there are some people who drink a lot of alcohol in their 20s and 30s and their blood pressure is rather far above the ground. This tends to run in families. They don’t even know they have high blood pressure because they never go to a doctor until they are 30 or 40. They might have had untouched high blood pressure for 10 years. And high blood pressure is very treatable.
When there is no identifiable cause for high blood pressure it is called primary hypertension. This means that hypertension tends to develop gradually over the years. When there is an underlying situation that causes high blood pressure this is referred to as secondary hypertension. Some of the situation which reasons this includes;
- Thyroid Problems
- Congenital defects within blood vessels
- Certain medications
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Kidney Problems
- Adrenal gland tumors